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Global Significant Earthquake Database - National Hazards

Dataset logo
Dataset logo

Global Significant Earthquake Database - National Hazards


Data from significant earthquakes from 2150 BC to Present

Product type


Update frequency

Not applicable


Feb 8, 2021

Delivery method


The Significant Earthquake Database public dataset, by NOAA's National Centers for Environmental Information (NCEI), is a global listing of over 5,700 earthquakes from 2150 BC to the present day. A significant earthquake is classified as one that meets at least one of the following criteria: caused deaths, caused moderate damage (approximately $1 million or more), magnitude 7.5 or greater, Modified Mercalli Intensity (MMI) X or greater, or the earthquake generated a tsunami.

The dataset provides information on the date and time of occurrence, latitude and longitude, focal depth, magnitude, maximum MMI intensity, and socio-economic data such as the total number of casualties, injuries, houses destroyed, and houses damaged, and $ damage estimates.

This dataset also includes layers for tsumani source and runup as well as significant volcanic eruption locations.

Cite as: National Geophysical Data Center / World Data Service (NGDC/WDS): NCEI/WDS Global Significant Earthquake Database. NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information. doi:10.7289/V5TD9V7K [access date]


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