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Health Professional Shortage Areas

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Dataset logo

Health Professional Shortage Areas


Federally designated areas with a shortage of healthcare workers

Product type


Update frequency



Jun 7, 2023

Delivery method


These datasets provide areas designated by the Human Resources & Services Administration (HRSA) as having shortages of primary care, dental care, or mental health providers. HRSA’s Bureau of Health Workforce (BHW) develops shortage designation criteria to decide whether or not a geographic area or population group is a Health Professional Shortage Area (HPSA), Medically Underserved Area (MUA), or Medically Underserved Population (MUP).

More than 34 federal programs depend on HPSA/MUA/MUP designations to determine eligibility or as a funding preference.

About 20 percent of the U.S. population resides in primary medical care HPSAs. HPSAs may have shortages of primary medical care, dental, or mental health providers; may be urban or rural areas; population groups; or medical or other public facilities. HPSA data is based on state level assessments that are reported to HRSA.

Data published by: HRSA, Bureau of Health Workforce (BHW), Division of Policy and Shortage Designation (DPSD)


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